What is copyright? *
protects creative or artistic works. You should only copy or
use a copyrighted work with the copyright owner's permission.
Copyright applies to any medium. This means that you
must not reproduce copyright protected work in another medium
without permission. This includes, publishing photographs on
making a sound recording of a book, and so on.
- literature, including novels, instruction
manuals, computer programs, song lyrics, newspaper articles, website
content and some types of database
- drama, including dance or mime
- art, including paintings, engravings, photographs,
sculptures, collages, architecture, technical
maps and logos
- layouts used to publish a work, for a book
- recordings of a work, including sound and
- broadcasts of a work
* © HMG
What is fair use?
In copyright law, there is a concept of fair use.
Fair use sets out certain actions that may be carried out, but would not normally be regarded as an infringement
of the work.
- What does fair use allow?
- Under fair use rules, it may be possible
to use quotations or excerpts, provided that the source of the quoted material is mentioned,
along with the name of the author.
- Typical fair uses of work include:
- Inclusion for the purpose of news reporting.
- Incidental inclusion.
- Limited private and educational use.
- What is incidental inclusion?
- This is where part of a work is unintentionally included. A typical examples of this would be a case where
holiday movie inadvertently captured part of a copyright work, such as some background music, or a
poster that just happened to on a wall in the background.
- Points to keep in mind...
- To avoid problems, if you are in any doubt,
you are advised to always get the permission of the owner, prior to use.
Extract used with permission. Source: UK
NUJ Fee Scales
• The National Union of Journalists* publishes scales recommending
fees for various useage applications relating to published material.
is an abstract only, but gives some idea of the charges to expect
for the use of photographs:
Full rates list »
- Lowest: £90
size: 300 x 400 px
period: online for one month
size: 600 x 800
period: one year online
use: business & commercial
Full list here
- Large circulation
¼ page: £95
Small consumer magazines
¼ page: £85
Trade & low-volume specialist
¼ page: £70