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COPYRIGHT

Use of copyright material from this website

Under the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, all material on this website is copyright.

Material may be reproduced from fireworks.co.uk under the following terms:

1. Short extracts as defined by the 'fair use' provisions for educational or similar non-profit use, may be used as long as the source is acknowledged, and - if the material appears online - a link to fireworks.co.uk is displayed.

2. Other extracts, and graphics or illustrations can be made available on request. If there is a charge it will be in line with the fee scales recommended by the NUJ.

3. Photographs are available for sale under various reproduction terms. Please enquire ». Rates are in line with industry standards with the NUJ fee scales being used as guidance. An acknowledgement of the source will be required and a link if the use is to be online.

. . .

What is copyright? *

Copyright protects creative or artistic works. You should only copy or use a copyrighted work with the copyright owner's permission.

Copyright protects:

  • literature, including novels, instruction manuals, computer programs, song lyrics, newspaper articles, website content and some types of database
  • drama, including dance or mime
  • music
  • art, including paintings, engravings, photographs, sculptures, collages, architecture, technical drawings, diagrams, maps and logos
  • layouts used to publish a work, for a book
  • recordings of a work, including sound and film
  • broadcasts of a work

Copyright applies to any medium. This means that you must not reproduce copyright protected work in another medium without permission. This includes, publishing photographs on the internet, making a sound recording of a book, and so on.

 * © HMG IPO

What is fair use?

In copyright law, there is a concept of fair use.

Fair use sets out certain actions that may be carried out, but would not normally be regarded as an infringement of the work.

What does fair use allow?
Under fair use rules, it may be possible to use quotations or excerpts, provided that the source of the quoted material is mentioned, along with the name of the author.
Typical fair uses of work include:
  • Inclusion for the purpose of news reporting.
  • Incidental inclusion.
  • Limited private and educational use.
  • What is incidental inclusion?
    This is where part of a work is unintentionally included. A typical examples of this would be a case where holiday movie inadvertently captured part of a copyright work, such as some background music, or a poster that just happened to on a wall in the background.
    Points to keep in mind...
    To avoid problems, if you are in any doubt, you are advised to always get the permission of the owner, prior to use.

    Extract used with permission. Source: UK Copyright Service

    NUJ Fee Scales

    • The National Union of Journalists* publishes scales recommending fees for various useage applications relating to published material.

    The following is an abstract only, but gives some idea of the charges to expect for the use of photographs:

    Web
    Lowest: £90
    size: 300 x 400 px
    period: online for one month
    use: editorial

    Highest: £850
    size: 600 x 800
    period: one year online
    use: business & commercial

    Full list here
    Magazine
    Large circulation
    cover:   £480
    ¼ page: £95
    Small consumer magazines
    cover:   £325
    ¼ page: £85
    Trade & low-volume specialist
    cover:   £250
    ¼ page: £70
    Full rates list »

    © PT 1996 -  All text, graphics and photographs on this website are copyright, and are the property of the editor or used with permission. Reproduction terms are available on request. Unauthorised copying is theft.